Stomach ulcers not only cause pain but also make you weak, unable to eat well or focus on work and other activities in life.
Abdominal pain, vomiting, nausea, blood in the stool, discomfort or pain in the abdomen… can be symptoms of a stomach ulcer (or peptic ulcer). Stomach ulcers not only cause pain but also make you weak, unable to eat well or focus on work and other activities in life. The disease needs to be treated as soon as possible.
Below are extremely important information about peptic ulcer disease that everyone needs to know to be able to prevent and detect the disease early.
1. Stomach ulcer disease is the most common disease in the gastrointestinal tract, is a condition in which the stomach “erodes” or has damage to the tissue layer of the stomach.
The gastric mucosa, gastric mucosa or epithelium is layered with many folds. Ulcers occur in this layer. If an ulcer occurs in the stomach or in the upper part of the small intestine leading to the stomach, it is called a peptic ulcer.
2. Stomach ulcers do not exclude anyone
However, women are more susceptible than men. The disease can “attack” you if it finds in you a potential environment and condition.
3. In the past, we still thought that long-term stress, eating “bad” foods, drinking and smoking… were the main causes of ulcers in the stomach.
But now, scientists also say that stomach ulcers are caused by an infection with bacteria, more specifically Helicobacter pylori. Helicobacter Pylori is thought to cause nearly 65% of gastric and duodenal ulcers.
Some medicines are also thought to cause stomach ulcers, such as aspirin, clopidogrel… which are taken regularly to help prevent heart attack or stroke, and arthritis medicines. Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are also thought to cause about two-fifths of stomach ulcers. Stomach cancer in elderly patients can also be caused by peptic ulcers.
4. Some people with stomach ulcers do not have any symptoms
But in other cases, people can experience symptoms and cause some serious trouble. Those symptoms include: abdominal pain just below the chest, indigestion, nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, weight loss, vomiting blood or dizziness, symptoms of anemia, such as dizziness and shock from blood loss… Bleeding in the stomach is a serious condition, especially in elderly patients, as they can lead to blood loss and death.
5. Stomach ulcers can lead to a number of complications such as
– Perforation of the stomach: the patient suddenly has severe pain like a stabbing knife, the abdomen is tight. This case needs immediate surgery or it will be life-threatening.
– Gastrointestinal bleeding: Patients present with vomiting blood and blood in the stool or black, foul stools.
– Stomach cancer: Stomach cancer occupies the leading position in gastrointestinal cancers and is also one of the complications of benign gastric diseases that are untreated or incompletely treated.
6. Stomach ulcers or đuoenal ulcers need to have a reasonable diet
People with stomach ulcers should eat slowly, chew carefully to protect the stomach from troubles such as pain, inflammation, ulcers, cancer… After eating, do not rush to exercise immediately, should sit and relax for about an hour. . Eat small meals so as not to create heavy work pressure on the stomach. You can eat 4-5 meals a day. Eat a light meal in the evening.