According to Professor Do Doan Loi – Director of the National Heart Institute – Deputy Director of Bach Mai Hospital, cardiovascular disease, which is a disease at the age of 50-90, now has a lot of people at the age of 30.
1. Terrible increase
According to Professor Loi talking about the increasing number of cardiovascular diseases, he emphasized: “cardiovascular patients are increasing tremendously, disease patterns are changing a lot and the risk of cardiovascular death is very high”.
Currently, everyone shudders when thinking about cancer and traffic accidents, but according to Professor Loi, cancer only accounts for 18%, while cardiovascular disease accounts for 33% of deaths. Currently, for every 100 deaths, 33 people die from cardiovascular disease. Nearly 200,000 people die from cardiovascular disease/year.
Only at the National Institute of Cardiology, the number of patients visiting the clinic is about 700-800 people/day, more than 100,000 visits a year. In which, the rate of inpatient admission is about 8-10%. Currently, the Institute of Cardiology has 450 beds and the number of patients ranges from 450-500/day inpatient.
Among cardiovascular diseases, Prof. Loi said that patients with severe diseases such as myocardial infarction and aortic aneurysm increased significantly.
Many patients with heart failure due to hypertension, due to cardiovascular risk factors (diabetes, inappropriate diet, dyslipidemia, dyslipidemia, lack of physical activity, smoking, stress…) increases blood pressure. Hypertension is both a disease and a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases.
The age of cardiovascular disease is usually 50 to 90 years old, but now there are many young patients in the age of 30-35 who also have diseases of blood pressure, heart disease and even many of them die. death from myocardial infarction. Compared with women, men of working age have high blood pressure and heart disease.
Notably, if in 2000, the whole country had about 16.3% of adults with hypertension, by 2009 the rate of hypertension in adults was 24.5% and this year, the number of people with hypertension pressure is 46%. very alarming.
2. Take prevention now.
According to Dr. Duong Ngoc Long – Vietnam Heart Institute, the lack of vegetables and fruits is high: Up to 57.2% of the adult population eat less vegetables/fruits than the WHO recommendation of 400g/day and this rate is higher in men than in women (63.1% vs 51.4%).
Salty eating also contributes to an increase in cardiovascular disease: On average, a Vietnamese person consumes 9.4 grams of salt in a day, nearly double the WHO recommendation of less than 5 grams of salt/person/day.
Inactivity is also a cause of cardiovascular disease: We have nearly a quarter of the population lacking physical activity compared to WHO recommendations (at least 150 minutes of physical activity per week). This rate in men is only 20.2%, lower than that of women, currently 35.7%.
Prof. Đỗ Doãn Lợi
While eating a lot of nutrients, they are sedentary, leading to obesity – the enemy of cardiovascular disease. Up to 15.6 % of Vietnamese people are overweight or obese and this disease does not differ between men and women, in urban and rural areas. The prevalence of overweight and obesity is increasing rapidly.
One of the factors that cause cardiovascular diseases, myocardial infarction, rupture, and aneurysms is high blood pressure. In Vietnam, there are up to 12 million people with high blood pressure and 60% of hypertensive patients have no disease detected, 80% of hypertensive patients have not been treated. This leads to an increase in cardiovascular disease.
To prevent cardiovascular disease, according to experts, we should effectively prevent it from today thanks to a healthy lifestyle according to the following recommendations:
1. Reasonable diet: Under 5g salt/day, increase the intake of green vegetables, fresh fruits, limit foods high in cholesterol and saturated fatty acids, ensure enough potassium and trace elements in the diet eat everyday.
2. Maintain a reasonable weight and try to maintain a waist circumference less than 90cm in men and less than 80cm in women.
3. Do not smoke or smoke, limit alcohol consumption.
4. Increase physical activity for at least 30 minutes a day.
5. Avoid stress and anxiety, stay active, and rest properly.
6. Adults need regular blood pressure checks to detect hypertension early.
People with high blood pressure, in addition to applying active lifestyle changes as above, should be monitored, long-term disease management and adherence to treatment according to the doctor’s instructions.